12. Third Intermediate Period - 1069-664 BC
        Dynasties XXI - XXV
 

 
principal sites & divisions at beginning of Third Intermediate Period (342) major cities & dynastic centers, in the late Third Intermediate Period (343)

 
Plan of temple & tomb remains at Tanis (332)

Tale of Wenamun;  Tanis; Thebes
Dynasties XXII-XXIV: A time of decentralized government; North - principal cities of Tanis & Memphis governed by rulers with Libyan names; South - primarily a theocracy centered atThebes governed by "chief generals" who also served as High Priests of Amen; Dynasty XXV: Kushite (Nubian); more centralized
Religion, Temple Cult & Personnel: theocracy;  oracular consultations at the Festival of the Divine Audience at Karnak;  Power of King less, Women more, namely in the 'First Great Chief of the Musical troupe of Amun' and the later 'Divine Consort of Amun/Divine Adoratrice of Amun/God's Wife of Amun'; Theban (Amun, Mut, Khonsu) and Abydene (Osiris, Isis, Horus)  Triads important.
Art:  high level of skill; return to Old, Middle and New Kingdom traditions in sculpture; not as much monumental architecture; great Faience- and Metalworkers
 
dynasty AKA principal cities ethnicity of rulers ethnicity of population
XXI Libyan Period(sometimes 
known as Tanite Pd.)
North: Tanis, Memphis; South: Thebes predominantly Meshwesh (Ma) & Libu (Libyan) predominantly Libyan in the north; Egyptian in the south
XXII Libyan Period North: Tanis, Memphis; South: Thebes predominantly Meshwesh (Ma)  & Libu (Libyan) predominantly Libyan in the north; Egyptian in the south
XXIII Libyan Period North: Tanis, Memphis; South: Thebes predominantly Meshwesh (Ma) & Libu (Libyan) predominantly Libyan in the north; Egyptian in the south
XXIV Libyan Period North: Sais, Tanis, Memphis; South: Thebes predominantly Meshwesh (Ma) & Libu (Libyan) predominantly Libyan in the north; Egyptian in the south
XXV Kushite Period North: Tanis, Memphis; South: Thebes; Nubia: el-Kurru Nubian

 
The Objects below are from the Tomb of Psusennes I at Tanis, Dynasty XXI
(images from Ramses II: The Pharaoh and his Time Exhibition Catalog, Jacksonville Art Museum, 11/17/1986-3/15/1987.)
One of six gold collars found on the mummy of Psusennes I,
H: 64.5cm (CM: 85571)
Silver offering stand with dish,
H: 59.5cm (CM: 86899)
Gold basin with cartouches of Psusennes I; riveted lotus blossom handle, H: 17cm, Diameter: 10.2cm (CM: 85893) Tall-necked gold vessel with cartouches of Psusennes I, 
H: 38cm (CM: 85892)
CM = Cairo Museum entry number
 
Faience statuette of Osorkon II kneeling to present an offering, Dynasty XXII;
Inset: Gold vessel inlaid with colored paste, Dynasty XXI, Tanis (353 facing)
Gold & lapis lazuli triad of Osiris, Isis & Horus, bearing the name of Osorkon II, Dynasty XXII,
Provenance unknown (352 facing)
Grey granite head of Osorkon II, Dynasty XXII, Tanis, c. 890 BC Silver coffin of Sheshonq II (with head of funerary god, Sokar), XXII, Royal Tombs at Tanis (366)

 
The Divine Consort of Amun ('god's wife of Amun; divine adoratrice') was an office for a celibate priestess, usually a royal princess. "Each 'god's wife' adopted her successor from among the junior members of the royal family...." 
Bronze statue of the Divine Consort Karomama, inlaid with gold, electrum & silver, XXII, Karnak eventually, in Thebes, "the power of the high priest(s) of Amun was eclipsed by the 'god's wife'" (338)  Offerings to Divine Consort Amenirdis I in her funerary chapel, XXV, Medinet Habu.

"Her principal religious function was to stimulate the god's procreative urges, and thereby to ensure the fertility of the land and the cyclical repetition of creation." (360) But her role was also political.

Shaw, Ian, ed. The Oxford Historyof Ancient Egypt. New York: OUP, 2000. (all unnamed parentheticals this page are from this source.)


 
Faience plaque of a king 
(Iuput II?), Dynasty XXIII?, Provenance unknown
Inlaid bronze statue of Takushit, XXV, Bubastis, c.730BC Takushit, detail Granite Statue of Mentuemhat, XXV-XXVI, Karnak, H: 4'5"

 
Granite head from a colossus of Shabaqo, XXV, Karnak, c. 710 BC Black granite head from a statue of Taharqo, XXV, Karnak(?), c. 690 BC Black granite sphinx of the Divine Consort Shepenwepet II offering a ram-headed vase, XXV, found in the sacred lake, Karnak, c.665 BC